Objective We intended to evaluate some specific aspects of the quality of life in children, aspects that may be a predisposing factor for urinary tract infection (UTI).
Methods We conducted a prospective study based on a questionnaire addressed to the parents of the children aged 6 to 16 years, admitted to our Pediatric Clinic from January to December 2007. The study followed two groups of children: one with UTI (n = 95, mean age = 9.4±0.7) and the second without UTI (n = 200, mean age = 9.6±0.8). Chi-squared test and Yates correction were performed for the statistical analysis.
Results Lack of education regarding the basic aspects of UTI, and basic perineal hygiene, was significantly higher in the UTI group (p<0.001). The potty training was started later in the UTI group and the parents were persistent in convincing the child to urinate, compared to the non-UTI group (p = 0.05). Moreover, the parents in the control group sought medical advice, compared to the parents in the UTI group who turned mostly to friends or non-medical staff.
Conclusion Knowledge about UTI and predisposing factors are still limited in our population. Education about potty training, clinical aspects of urinary tract infections and basic hygiene may prevent many children from developing UTI.