Article Text

IS OUR CHILDREN’S PHYSICAL ACTIVITY APPROPRIATE?
  1. J C Sevilla Moya1,2,3,
  2. M Calvo Terrades3,4,
  3. A López-Bermejo1,3,5,
  4. P Villalobos Arévalo1,
  5. A Cabacas García1,
  6. C Javierre Garcés6,
  7. R Jiménez7
  1. 1Fundació Salut Empordà, Figueres, Girona, Spain
  2. 2Hospital Universitario la Paz, Madrid, Spain
  3. 3Girona Institute for Biomedical Research, Gerona, Spain
  4. 4Albera Salut, ABS Peralada, Girona, Spain
  5. 5Hospital Josep Trueta, Girona, Spain
  6. 6Physiology Department, School of Medicine, Barcelona University, Barcelona, Spain
  7. 7Chair Paediatria, Barcelona University, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, Spain

Abstract

Introduction Overwhelming scientific evidence shows that the increasing morbidity and mortality attributable to chronic cardiovascular disease is associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, clinicians should encourage people to stay away from a sedentary lifestyle and promote appropriate physical activity (PhyA). A primary goal of public health should be the promotion of physically active lifestyles in children. As it has been previously reported that aim is not yet fulfilled in adolescence.

Aims

  1. To know the intensity and type of PhyA currently performed by our children.

  2. To establish priorities to improve our children’s PhyA.

  3. To estimate sedentary “screen-time” activities.

  4. To establish strategies to modify unhealthy habits.

Aims

Methods We enrolled 329 children attending the school in our village. Parental consent was obtained. Ages ranged from 4 to 13 years. PhyA information was obtained from: 1) a 7-day PhyA questionnaire; 2) the K13Plus PhyA and “screen-time” behaviour scale.

Results Mean time of each activity (minutes/day):

  • Low-intensity PhyA: 34.8±29.9.

  • Moderate-intensity PhyA: 59.0±52.7.

  • High-intensity PhyA: 26.4±28.2.

  • “Screen-time”: 60.1±44.2.

Conclusions

  • According to the current recommendations for PhyA in childhood, our results indicate that especially low-intensity PhyA should be encouraged.

  • Measures for controlling “screen-time” (will not increase) are required.

  • A multidisciplinary work group (health care professionals, physicians, teachers and professional organisations) should promote school and community programs to enhance PhyA and to encourage the whole family to practice exercise.

Conclusions

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