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Computed tomography in children with cystic fibrosis: a new way to reduce radiation dose
  1. S Jiménez1,
  2. J R Jiménez2,
  3. M Crespo1,
  4. E Santamarta2,
  5. C Bousoño1,
  6. J Rodríguez1
  1. 1Department of Paediatrics, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, C/Celestino Villamil s/n. Oviedo, Spain
  2. 2Department of Radiology, Hospital Universitario Central de Asturias, C/Julián Clavería s/n. Oviedo, Spain
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr S Jiménez Treviño
    c/Llamaquique 4, 7°A. 33005 Oviedo, Spain; principevegeta{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Aims: To determine whether the monitoring of respiratory disease progression in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) can be made using six pre-selected computed tomography (CT) cuts in lieu of the conventional full study.

Methods: Forty one lung CT scans from 21 paediatric patients with CF were analysed. The Bhalla and Nathanson scores of the total lung CT and the six pre-selected CT cuts were compared.

Results: The Bhalla mean score of the total lung CT evaluated by two radiologists was 5.62. It was 5.36 when just the six pre-selected sections were evaluated. The difference between means was not statistically significant. The Nathanson mean score of the total lung CT evaluated by both radiologists was 66.11; it was 66.51 when just the six pre-selected sections were evaluated. The difference between means was not statistically significant. The mean total radiation dose from a single whole lung CT scan was 716.22 mGy.cm. A dose of 250.66 mGy.cm was estimated if only six sections were used, with a reduction in radiation of about 65%.

Conclusion: It is possible to obtain the same radiological information from six pre-selected CT cuts as it is from a full pulmonary CT scan, thereby markedly reducing radiation exposure for children who will require repeat investigations in the future.

  • CF, cystic fibrosis
  • CT, computed tomography
  • computed tomography
  • cystic fibrosis
  • radiation
  • scores

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Footnotes

  • Published Online First 31 January 2006

  • Competing interests: none declared

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