Cockayne syndrome is a multi-systemic, autosomal recessive disease characterised by postnatal growth failure and progressive multi-organ dysfunction. The main clinical features are severe dwarfism (<−2 SD), microcephaly (<−3 SD), psychomotor delay, sensorial loss (cataracts, pigmentary retinopathy, and deafness), and cutaneous photosensitivity. Here, 13 new cases of Cockayne syndrome are reported, which have been clinically diagnosed and confirmed using a biochemical transcription assay. The wide clinical variability, ranging from prenatal features to normal psychomotor development, is emphasised. When cardinal features are lacking, the diagnosis of Cockayne syndrome should be considered when presented with growth retardation, microcephaly, and one of the suggesting features such as enophthalmia, limb ataxia, abnormal auditory evoked responses, or increased ventricular size on cerebral imaging.
- Cockayne syndrome
- DNA repair
- mental retardation
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Fundings: this work was supported by the GIS–Institut des Maladies Rares
Competing interests: none declared
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