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Arch Dis Child 91:836-840 doi:10.1136/adc.2005.088484
  • Original article

Association between allergic rhinitis, bottle feeding, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusion in the primary dentition

  1. F Vázquez-Nava1,
  2. J A Quezada-Castillo2,
  3. S Oviedo-Treviño2,
  4. A H Saldivar-González3,
  5. H R Sánchez-Nuncio3,
  6. F J Beltrán-Guzmán3,
  7. E M Vázquez-Rodríguez4,
  8. C F Vázquez Rodríguez4
  1. 1Research Department, Tampico Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Department of Research in Clinical Epidemiology, General Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Tampico-Madero City, Tamp, Mexico
  2. 2Faculty of Odontology (Dentistry), Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Tampico-Madero City, Tamp, Mexico
  3. 3Research Department, Tampico Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Department of Research in Clinical Epidemiology, General Hospital of the Mexican Institute of Social Security, Tampico-Madero City, Tamp, Mexico
  4. 4Research Department, Tampico Faculty of Medicine, Autonomous University of Tamaulipas, Tampico-Madero City, Tamp, Mexico
  1. Correspondence to:
    Dr F Vázquez-Nava
    Calle Matamoros #102, Col. Hipódromo, Ciudad Madero, Tamaulipas, CP 89560, Mexico; fvazqueznava{at}yahoo.com.mx
  • Accepted 5 June 2006
  • Published Online First 12 June 2006

Abstract

Aim: To determine the association between allergic rhinitis, bottle feeding, non-nutritive sucking habits, and malocclusion in the primary dentition.

Methods: Data were collected on 1160 children aged 4–5 years, who had been longitudinally followed since the age of 4 months, when they were admitted to nurseries in a suburban area of Tampico–Madero, Mexico. Periodically, physical examinations were conducted and a questionnaire was given to their parents or tutors.

Results: Malocclusion was detected in 640 of the children (51.03% had anterior open bite and 7.5% had posterior cross-bite). Allergic rhinitis alone (adjusted odds ratio = 2.87; 95% CI 1.57 to 5.25) or together with non-nutritive sucking habits (adjusted odds ratio = 3.31; 95% CI 1.55 to 7.09) had an effect on anterior open bite. Bottle feeding alone (adjusted odds ratio = 1.95; 95% CI 1.07 to 3.54) or together with allergic rhinitis (adjusted odds ratio = 3.96; 95% CI 1.80 to 8.74) had an effect on posterior cross-bite. Posterior cross-bite was more frequent in children with allergic rhinitis and non-nutritive sucking habits (10.4%).

Conclusions: Allergic rhinitis alone or together with non-nutritive sucking habits is related to anterior open bite. Non-nutritive sucking habits together with allergic rhinitis seem to be the most important factor for development of posterior open bite in children under the age of 5 years.

Footnotes

  • Published Online First 9 June 2006

  • Competing interests: none declared