The aim of this study was to compare a non-invasive test of small bowel permeability with a more invasive approach involving endoscopy, mucosal biopsy, and oesophageal pH monitoring for rapidly differentiating gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) and cows' milk intolerance in 25 infants with persistent vomiting. Each subject underwent a cellobiose/mannitol permeability study, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy with oesophageal and small bowel biopsies, and a 24 hour pH study. Reflux disease and/or cows' milk intolerance was responsible for vomiting in 24 (96%) of the subjects. Sixteen (64%) of the infants had GOR alone, four (16%) had GOR and cows' milk intolerance, and four (16%) had cows' milk intolerance alone. Morphometric analysis of small bowel biopsies was abnormal in 19% of the patients with GOR alone and in 67% with cows' milk intolerance with or without GOR. The permeability test was abnormal in only 6% of the patients with GOR but in 100% with GOR and cows' milk intolerance and in 100% with cows' milk intolerance alone. The non-invasive permeability study aimed at rapid determination of cows' milk intolerance should pre-empt a more invasive approach in the evaluation of infants with persistent vomiting.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.