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Nutritional care and candidates for small bowel transplantation.
  1. S V Beath,
  2. I W Booth,
  3. M S Murphy,
  4. J A Buckels,
  5. A D Mayer,
  6. P J McKiernan,
  7. D A Kelly
  1. Institute of Child Health, University of Birmingham.

    Abstract

    Twenty two children were evaluated for small bowel transplantation between 1989 and 1994. Eight were unfit for transplantation and died within three months; a raised plasma bilirubin concentration (> 200 mumol/l) predicted death from liver failure within six months (p = 0.0001). The 11 children who were not managed by a multidisciplinary nutritional care team were less well nourished at referral, had more complications with intravenous feeding catheters, and greater early mortality while awaiting transplantation (p < 0.05). It is recommended that children with chronic intestinal failure be referred for assessment early, before liver dysfunction is established.

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