Non-invasive measurement of intracranial pressure in the newborn and the infant: the Rotterdam teletransducer.
Knowledge of intracranial pressure may be important in many clinical situations in neonates and young infants. The best way to obtain this information would be a non-traumatic procedure. In order to test the reliability of a new fontanometer, the Rotterdam teletransducer, 25 simultaneous measurements of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and anterior fontanelle pressure (AFP) were performed. Mean (SD) difference between CSF pressure and AFP was -0.2 (1.8) mm Hg (95% confidence interval from -0.48 to -0.88 mm Hg). The AFP was also measured in 60 healthy children (15 premature, 30 term newborn babies, and 15 infants). The different aspects of AFP were analysed and normal values computed. These results suggest that the Rotterdam teletransducer gives reliable continuous information about intracranial pressure and can be used in clinical practice. Interpretation of AFP plots must take the influence of postconceptional age and the physiological occurrence of pressure waves into account.