The pulmonary response to inhalation challenge with nebulised distilled water was measured in 100 sedated infants with a history of wheeze. Lung function was measured by total body plethysmography. Satisfactory results were obtained in 88 infants. Fifty one were considered to have responded by developing a greater than 20% decrease in specific conductance (sGaw) after nebulised water. Thirty two of these infants had previously been challenged with nebulised saline before but only one showed a greater than 20% decrease in sGaw after saline. Twenty infants who developed signs of bronchoconstriction after challenge with nebulised water were rechallenged 20 minutes later. After the initial challenge a fall in sGaw of greater than 20% was found in 19 of the 20. After a second challenge with nebulised water only 15 (75%) showed a 20% or greater decrease in sGaw. Nine of the 20 infants remained sedated and were rechallenged for a third time. Eight showed a greater than 20% decrease in sGaw. This study indicates that approximately 60% of infants with a history of wheeze will bronchoconstrict in response to inhaled nebulised water and that up to 75% show no evidence of a subsequent refractory period to inhaled water challenge.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.