Article Text

PDF

Changes in periurethral microflora after antimicrobial drugs.
  1. K J Lidefelt,
  2. I Bollgren,
  3. C E Nord
  1. Department of Paediatrics, Karolinska Institute, Sachs' Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

    Abstract

    The periurethral flora was examined in 18 girls by use of a quantitative sampling method before, during, and three weeks after treatment with antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections. Eight girls received amoxicillin. In five of them the anaerobic flora showed a reduction in total counts and in numbers of different species, and all eight girls got a heavy colonisation with enterobacteria during treatment. Three weeks after treatment the anaerobic and aerobic flora had reversed to the pretreatment composition. In 10 girls treated with trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole the anaerobic flora remained unaffected and no enterobacterial overgrowth was registered during the study period. We propose that antibiotics could be one among several factors involved in the pathogenesis of urinary tract infection, by suppression of the anaerobic microflora and promotion of the colonisation with enterobacteria.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.