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Raised urinary secretory IgA in chronic diarrhoea.
  1. A Prentice,
  2. D M Stirling,
  3. P B Sullivan,
  4. C A Northrop-Clewes,
  5. P G Lunn
  1. MRC Dunn Nutrition Unit, Cambridge.

    Abstract

    Secretory IgA outputs in urine have been measured in 24 malnourished Gambian children who had been admitted to hospital with chronic diarrhoea and in 43 children from a rural Gambian village. Village children of poor nutritional state (less than or equal to 74% weight for age compared with the National Center for Health Statistics reference curve) had secretory IgA outputs that were only one third of those of better nourished individuals. In contrast, the patients with chronic diarrhoea had secretory IgA outputs that were significantly raised compared with village children, regardless of nutritional state. These results demonstrate that secretory IgA production in the urinary tract can be stimulated by intestinal disease, suggesting that malnourished children are able to mount a response to mucosal infection and supporting the hypothesis of a common secretory immune system.

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