During a one year period tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) was prospectively determined in the cerebrospinal fluid of 49 patients with infectious meningitis. TNF-alpha was found in the cerebrospinal fluid of 15 of 18 patients with bacterial meningitis. In 11 patients who had cerebrospinal fluid positive for TNF-alpha it was detected in only one serum (in low concentration). There was no significant correlation between the concentration of TNF-alpha in cerebrospinal fluid and the patient's age, duration of illness and fever, body temperature, and serum C reactive protein. However, cerebrospinal fluid protein concentrations of greater than or equal to 2 g/l and leucocyte values of greater than or equal to 2.5 X 10(9)/l were more often associated with high TNF-alpha concentrations (greater than or equal to 500 pg/ml). In contrast with bacterial meningitis, none of the 31 samples of cerebrospinal fluid from patients with viral meningitis was positive for TNF-alpha. Thus this investigation supports the conclusion, drawn from animal studies on TNF-alpha in the cerebrospinal fluid, that the presence of TNF-alpha is indicative of bacterial meningitis. Absence of TNF-alpha cerebrospinal fluid, however, was found here not to exclude a bacterial aetiology of the infection.
Statistics from Altmetric.com
If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.