Five patients with neonatal infective endocarditis were reviewed, two of whom survived. Infection was caused by Staphylococcus aureus in four and by Candida albicans in one. All cases of bacterial endocarditis had clinical signs of septicaemia, positive blood cultures, thrombocytopenia, microscopic haematuria, and heart murmurs. Three developed skin abscesses early in their illnesses. Three patients had two dimensional echocardiographic studies that showed bacterial vegetations. One of these studies was done before the heart murmur could be heard. We suggest that echocardiography in conjunction with the clinical picture described may help in making an early diagnosis of endocarditis in neonates.
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