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Congenital cytomegalovirus infection: a cause of sensorineural hearing loss.
  1. C S Peckham,
  2. O Stark,
  3. J A Dudgeon,
  4. J A Martin,
  5. G Hawkins
  1. Institute of Child Health, London.

    Abstract

    Prospective studies have suggested that about 108 children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss are born each year in England and Wales; this represents about 12% of all children with congenital sensorineural hearing loss. Over a nine year period 1644 children aged between 6 months and 4 years who were attending the Nuffield Hearing and Speech Centre were screened for CMV infection. The prevalence of CMV in the urine of children with sensorineural hearing loss but no immediate family history of deafness was nearly twice that (13%) found in other children with impaired hearing and those with normal hearing (7%). These findings indicate the importance of CMV as a cause of hearing loss.

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