Weight gain and height velocity during prolonged first remission from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia.
A retrospective analysis of the medical records of 86 children in prolonged remission from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia was performed to calculate changes in the rate of increase in height and weight gain. The rate of increase in height decreased during initial treatment, and the potential for final adult height was not regained. Weight gain was excessive; this started during treatment and persisted into the remission years. Values of weight adjusted for height did not return to values found before treatment until eight years after diagnosis. Several factors can account for this weight gain, but there is a practical need to provide dietary advice, particularly when chemotherapy is stopped.