We describe a method of screening for dihydropteridine reductase deficiency and dihydrobiopterin synthesis deficiency--the two inherited defects that cause tetrahydrobiopterin deficiency--using blood spots on Guthrie cards. Dihydropteridine reductase deficiency may be identified positively, and a biopterin value of less than 6.0 micrograms/l in the presence of hyperphenylalaninaemia indicates further investigation for dihydrobiopterin synthesis deficiency.
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