Article Text

PDF

Ultrasound appearance of the brain in very preterm infants and neurodevelopmental outcome at 18 months of age.
  1. A L Stewart,
  2. R J Thorburn,
  3. P L Hope,
  4. M Goldsmith,
  5. A P Lipscomb,
  6. E O Reynolds

    Abstract

    The brains of 158 consecutively admitted very preterm infants were repeatedly examined with real time ultrasound. Abnormalities, most commonly periventricular haemorrhage, were detected in 79 (50%). The 109 infants who survived were followed up until they were 16-23 months old. Major or minor neurological or developmental sequelae were found in 5 of 62 infants (8%) with normal ultrasound scans and in an identical proportion, 2 of 25 infants (8%), with uncomplicated periventricular haemorrhage. By contrast, 15 of 21 infants (71%) whose ventricles became enlarged (with or without periventricular haemorrhage) had abnormalities at follow up. The proportion with sequelae depended on the cause and extent of the enlargement. Three of 8 infants (38%) with mild (usually transient) ventricular distension had sequelae, compared with 3 of 4 (75%) with hydrocephalus and 9 of 9 (100%) with cerebral atrophy (2 of whom also had hydrocephalus). Adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae at follow up appeared more often to be attributable to cerebral ischaemia and infarction than to periventricular haemorrhage.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.