Faeces from 24 neonates with proved necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), from 12 with clinically suspected NEC, and from 41 control infants were quantitatively cultured under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. An important difference in colonisation with Klebsiella was found between the NEC groups and the control group. Although the cause of NEC is unknown, colonisation with Klebsiella seems to increase the risk.
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