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Relationship between urinary and blood glucose in diabetic children.
  1. N K Griffin,
  2. M A Smith,
  3. P A Jenkins,
  4. G Werther,
  5. J D Baum

    Abstract

    The relationship of urine glucose concentration with 'average' blood glucose concentration for the corresponding period was investigated in 10 juvenile diabetics during the performance of 15 inpatient metabolic profiles. 0% glucosuria was associated with 'average' blood glucose concentrations less than 6.4 mmol/l (less than 115 mg/100ml), 2% glycosuria with concentrations greater than 8.6 mmol/l (greater than 154 mg/100ml), and over 5% glycosuria with concentrations greater than 11.3 mmol/l (greater than 204 mg/100ml). Urinary glucose loss was large (greater than 278 mmol; greater than 5g) when the 'average' blood glucose was greater than 11.1 mmol/l (greater than 200 mg/100ml). Because many diabetics have blood glucose concentrations up to 11.1 mmol/l, it is advantageous if glucosuria up to 5% is detectable by routine home urine tests. The 2-drop Clinitest method detects glycosuria up to 5% without significant loss of accuracy and is recommended in preference to the 5-drop method.

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