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Chronic pericardial constriction with effusion in childhood.
  1. G B Haycock,
  2. S C Jordan

    Abstract

    Five cases of children with nontuberculosis pericardial constriction with effusion are reported. The disease is not as rare as has been thought, and the aetiology in these cases was probably a previous virus infection. A previous diagnosis of hepatitis, nephrotic syndrome, or protein-losing enteropathy had been made and the correct diagnosis was delayed for months or even years. Pericardiectomy produced immediate relief from symptoms in 2 patients but in 2 others there was evidence of poor myocardial function postoperatively.

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