Wolfsdorf, J., Makarawa, S., Fernandes, C., Fenner, A. (1975). Archives of Disease in Childhood, 50, 723. Transpyloric feeding in small preterm infants. In 20 preterm infants, birthweight ranging from 775 to 1540 g, transpyloric feeding was carried out using expressed human milk as the sole nutrient (study group). 10 further infants, birthweight range 910-1500 g, were also fed with human milk via nasogastric tube (control group). The group fed transpylorically had higher fluid intakes during the early days of life. Body weight loss after birth was similar in both groups, but subsequent weight gain was more rapid in the study group. Thus transpyloric feeding is considered to offer the following advantages in comparison with nasogastric feeding. (1) No danger of aspiration after vomiting. (2) More rapid weight gain.
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