Article Text

PDF

Familial insulin-resistant diabetes, multiple somatic anomalies, and pineal hyperplasia.
  1. R J West,
  2. J K Lloyd,
  3. W M Turner

    Abstract

    West, R. J., Lloyd, J. K., and Turner, W. M. L. (1975). Archives of Disease in Childhood, 50, 703. Familial insulin-resistant diabetes, multiple somatic anomalies, and pineal hyperplasia. A syndrome comprising unusual facies, dry skin, acanthosis nigricans, thickened nails, hirsutism, dental precocity and dysplasia, abdominal protuberance, and phallic enlargement is described in 2 sibs. Both have developed diabetic ketoacidosis with insulin resistance. The elder child, a girl, had recurrent septic episodes and died at the age of 7-8 years. At necropsy the pineal gland was hyperplastic, weighing 900 mg. Investigation of the younger sib over a 4-year period has shown decreasing glucose tolerance, and he was frankly diabetic with ketoacidosis by the age of 6-8 years. Serum insulin concentrations have always been grossly raised. Though the mechanism for insulin resistance has not been definitely established, a functional abnormality of the hypothalamus or pituitary is postulated to explain the many endocrine features of the syndrome.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.