Article Text

PDF

Vitamin E and haemolytic anaemia in premature infants
  1. S. S. Lo,
  2. D. Frank,
  3. W. H. Hitzig

    Abstract

    Studies in 50 premature babies aged 6 to 8 weeks showed that vitamin E plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of the `anaemia of prematurity'. Administration of 10 mg/day vitamin E orally elicited a clear-cut clinical and haematological response.

    There was a relation between the type of nutrition and the onset of anaemia, anaemia regularly developing within 2 weeks of changing from human milk to a powdered cow's milk formula. Susceptibility to haemolysis was quantitated by measuring the free haemoglobin after exposure of the erythrocytes to hydrogen peroxide. This peroxide haemolysis was increased when the vitamin E level in the blood was below 0·6 mg/100 ml. It became normal a few days after vitamin E administration and the consequent rise in blood concentration.

    It is concluded that a supplement of vitamin E is advisable from the 10th day onwards in premature infants who are artificially fed.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.