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Five-hour Oral Glucose Tolerance Test in Obese Children
  1. J. M. Court,
  2. Marjorie Dunlop,
  3. Ingrid Leonard,
  4. R. F. Leonard

    Abstract

    Concentrations of blood glucose, plasma free fatty acids, and plasma glycerol during a 5-hour oral glucose tolerance test on 46 obese children are reported.

    Seven children had unequivocally impaired glucose tolerance. However in the group as a whole, there was a delay in return of blood glucose to baseline levels after oral glucose, 27 children (60%) having a blood glucose concentration greater than 110 mg/100 ml at 2 hours. It was concluded that some degree of glucose intolerance is common in childhood obesity. No relation was seen among the following: impairment of glucose tolerance and age, degree or duration of obesity, or family history of diabetes.

    Fasting plasma free fatty acids and glycerol concentrations were high (mean ± 1SD, 1030 ± 221 μEq/litre FFA and 121 ± 44 μmol/l. glycerol). For all children, concentrations of FFA and glycerol decreased during the first hour after glucose, though minimal levels were not reached until 90-120 minutes (mean ± 1SD, 395 ± 170 μEq/litre FFA, 77 ± 24 μmol/l. glycerol). For those children (27) who had raised blood glucose at 2 hours, there was a positive correlation between fasting plasma glycerol concentration and glucose tolerance sum, suggesting that impaired glucose tolerance was associated with increased basal lipolysis.

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