Article Text

PDF

Retinal Artery Tortuosity in ex-Premature Infants
  1. J. David Baum

    18-year Follow-up on Eyes of Premature Infants

    Abstract

    Ophthalmic examinations have been performed on 52 expremature infants who had reached their late teens. These patients all weighed 1500 g or less at birth, and were born during a period of transition from liberal to restricted oxygen therapy for premature infants.

    Fourteen patients had some degree of retrolental fibrosis. In 4 cases there was complete, bilateral, destructive retrolental fibroplasia (RLF) with microphthalmos; and in 3 cases in which RLF was complete unilaterally, the other eye showed retinal scarring with traction of the disc in 2 patients and extreme tortuosity of the retinal arteries in the third. There were 7 patients who showed bilateral retinal scarring with distortion of the retinal architecture, 35 patients showed tortuosity of the retinal arteries, and 3 patients had normal retinas. It seems that tortuosity of the retinal arteries represents a persistence of the proliferative stage of RLF. In the present study the condition carried no ophthalmic morbidity.

    Myopia was associated with retrolental scarring, but not with tortuosity of the retinal arteries. Corneal curvature was normal in these patients, excluding this as the cause of the myopia of RLF.

    Statistics from Altmetric.com

    18-year Follow-up on Eyes of Premature Infants

    Request permissions

    If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.