Article Text

PDF
G421(P) Towards high negative predictive value meningitis testing in neonates
  1. A Abelian1,
  2. T Mund2,
  3. H Pelham2,
  4. M Curran3,
  5. PH Dear4
  1. 1Paediatrics, Malor Hospital, Wrexham, UK
  2. 2Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Medical Research Council Centre, Cambridge, UK
  3. 3Clinical Microbiology, Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK
  4. 4Mote Research Ltd, Cambridge, UK

Abstract

Meningitis in newborn babies is difficult to rule out either clinically or microbiologically, which leads to uncertainty with regards to the initiation and the length of antimicrobial treatment, with risks of either under- or over-treating. A different diagnostic approach that will offer high negative predictive value (NPV) is needed to overcome this problem. Such an approach will shift the diagnostic emphasis on the negative result resulting in shorter antibiotic courses and earlier discharges.

Methods This novel molecular-biological assay has been developed on the basis of 16S RNA PCR technology and promises NPV of close to 100% with very small but clinically acceptable false-positive rate. The hurdles it aims to overcome are: 1) bacterial DNA contamination in reagents or introduced by handling, 2) exclusion of dead bacteria, 3) generalisability to NHS laboratories, which may lack the most advanced equipment and where time and money are limited. In this assay any free DNA is rendered non-amplifiable by photo-activated ethidium azide; intact bacteria are then lysed and their DNA amplified by single-step closed-tube nested PCR (Figure 1).

Results In its current format the assay has fully solved the problem of bacterial DNA contamination in reagents (Figure 2). The assay detected as few as one colony-forming unit of wide range of bacteria in 200 microlitres of CSF (standard neonatal specimen volume) (Figure 3a,b), which significantly exceeds sensitivity of the reported molecular-biological assays applied to CSF and has a theoretical NPV of close to 100%.

Conclusions The assay is entering the stage of optimisation for NHS molecular-diagnostics laboratory, with a pilot case-control study and multi-centre case-control and cross-sectional studies, thereafter.

Abstract G421(P) Figure 3

Detection of (a) E.coli and Listeria innocua, (b) Streptococcus pnemoniae, Staphylococcus aureus and Listeria monocytogenes

Statistics from Altmetric.com

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.