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A 23-year-old woman is admitted to the postnatal ward after she gave birth to a term infant of 3 kg. During pregnancy, she is known to have used methadone. There is no known use of other illicit drugs or prescription medication. The midwife who is taking care of this woman and her baby asks if she can encourage the mother to breastfeed her child.
Structured clinical question
Can a mother who used methadone during pregnancy (patient) breastfeed her newborn (intervention) to help the management of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (outcome)?
Search strategy: terms used: Breastfeeding AND neonatal abstinence syndrome →65 results (16 reviews and systematic reviews) →5 relevant.1–5
The results were excluded if they were not about methadone use, not in English …
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